It is pretty interesting and similar till the Mogul period.
I have been reading about India for the past two years. They had a very early code of laws, part of the religious teaching. Libraries, temples... courts, coinage, measurements. All appeared very early!
The only limits were the military units, which would not go beyond ancient cavalry..
There were no basic warriors. The basic military unit was the (short bow) archer... and led to the longbow.
Other units were macemen, catapults, siege defense, swordsmen. The most common units were chariots and archers. Elephants appear as military trained units 600 BC.
The chariots might have the possibility of adding an extra horse. The grandest ones had 4 or more horses! The King would ride a chariot, and the general would ride an elephant. It seems that a large part of the armies required more horses than the subcontinent could provide. Most of the horses were traded from the North, and later the West.
Link for Classical Era India Information:
"Painting. This may be one of the easiest armies to paint. All common wear only a white kilt and carry a scabbard made of hide. Shields are hide and hair is black. Generals/nobles will wear more colorful clothing and possibly armor. In addition, nobles would occasionally dye their beards bright colors, such as green or blue. One can have a lot of fun painting a general¹s elephant or chariot, using gaudy colors, some gold trim and perhaps some tiger-skins."
The town's main gateway was a building in itself, with massive towers flanking and overlooking the actual gates... Inside were arranged various official apartments, including those of the toll-collectors; the windows of the offices were furnished with balconies and fitted with latticework or finely cut wooden screens. Interior stairways let to the upper storys: the municipal granary was on the top floor and light was provided by gable-windows whose carved beams were decorated with painting. The vaulted roofs were either thatched or covered with roughly baked curved tiles; the joists were curve and painted; the crest of the roof was ornamented with a line of tapering, rounded projections fashioned from wood or terra-cotta; the doorway and fore-part of the building were embellished with statues. Early period.
During the Mauryan Period the outer walls consisted of a colossal palisade made of huge tree trunk embedded deep in the ground. There were also thick walls of sun dried brick and later, walls of unmortared bricks. These ramparts were topped by serrated parapets, backed by flights of steps, and had a huge gateway. The ramparts were ringed by a series of moats serving as main sewers. A bridge crossed the moat at each entrance. Some cities had numerous rings of walls and moats.
The main entrance was high enough to allow entry to elephants carrying palanquins. At night the entrance was closed by heavy wooden doors, reinforced by iron bars. There were two smaller gates for foot traffic. Curfew was fixed for midnight. Secret passages in the country, were constructed, so that spies might ply their trade, and those in power make a quick getaway when needed.
Permanent Siege Weapons:
Fixed to city walls and projected missles to those assaulting the walls.
of Buddhist Saints, Stupa
robust buildings made from timbers, brick and stone, had interior courtyards paved with gravel surfaces, decorated with garlands of flowers and greenery. Gongs, clarinets, conches and cymbals were used by the sacred orchestra.
Herbalist Medicine Hospital:
There were 2 kinds of physician: independent doctors called into consultation privately and responsible financially if convicted of error; and official practitioners in hospitals subsidized by pious or royal foundations, where medical assistance was free.
Middle time period
early time period
arrives with Buddhism
Every important town a great expanse of ground reserved for the daily markets at which the peasants from the surrounding countryside sold their produce and products. The various guilds also possesed hedquarters in the same district. The stalls lining the streets were separated from the living quarters by a courtyard, and were fronted by a veranda, as they are today
Palace Art Gallery:
These served as the city art galleries and were open to the public and frequented more often in the autumn.
Dance and Music Academy:
Palace Entertainment Hall.
used for musical, dance and theatrical perfomances.. NO special theatre was used.
acrobats, animal shows, wrestling shows, magic shows, mimes.
Very important to the era, and part of the Mahabharata epic.
Although games of chance were condemned by the Brahmanic code of conduct, where were played in all classes of society and chess was enormously popular. Chess was invented in India as a means to work out military strategy. It was played by four players who used two dice, four figures (king elephant, horse, and chariot or ship), the traditional units of the army. Young nobles met together daily to play several sessions of the game. Chess was played on specially designed boards or on a table with precious inlays.
Dicing existed in various forms. They were made of gilded shells. Die were the size of a hazel nut and had five facets. Dice were played on the floor. This game entailed taking a handful of dice from a heap on any one of 24 premitted manners, at the same time announcing aloud the number of dice being thrown and the number remaining in the heap. The winner was the one who threw the number he had announced, at his first attempt; the rules demanding, in addition, that this number must be a multiple of four.
Gaming dens seemed to have abounded. They were subject to strict control by the State and contributed large sums to the treasury in the form of taxation,
the hiring of premises and the dice themselves, since the players wer not allowed to make use nor own their own dice.
Murals/ Rock Carvings
The state managed the manufacturing of arms. It was under control of the war department, directed by a superintendent.
Horse and Elephant Academies.
Makes Weapons and goods for the market.
Near the main gateway, facing east, there was always to be found a tall column standing by itself. Made of stone, wood or iron, and topped by a sculpted ..... or by a wheel resting on a bill-shaped capital, recalling similar columns in Persepolis. This was a most important monument in the eyes of the Indians, a symbol of victory and hospitality, endowed with both imperial and cosmological significance, and forming part of the soverigns 'regalia'. They were often engraved with edicts, or indicated that the city enjoyed royal protection.
I know that the cities were also set up with astronomical alignments, so there could be an astronomical observatory as a special building.
Hope you can find more!